Lanzarote was declared a Biosphere Reserve in 1993.
42% of its surface remains protected.
Among other values, UNESCO recognized the special relationship of the man with its territory.
With different shapes and different degrees, much of Lanzarote is environmentally protected. The natural area is not limited to a geographical area but extends in all latitudes: Timanfaya and La Geria in the center of the island, Los Ajaches southeast and north Crown make her more attractive and distinguished stripes.
Match the declaration of the island as a Biosphere Reserve (October 1993) in recognition of the work of art-nature of César Manrique and the special relationship of the inhabitants with their environment: from its careful and curious forms of agricultural crop to water-saving culture.
42% of the total area of Lanzarote is protected. The nature remains unchanged by the different formulas and different degrees of nature preservation hanging over the territory. In this sense, the volcanic island maintains a status quo strongly linked to the field of ecology. Furthermore, the protected area is not located in a single point, call Timanfaya, but extends throughout its geography: Los Ajaches southwest, La Geria, the Natural Monument Corona, Volcano northeast... In short, Lanzarote configures a natural picture of undoubted value.
However, the declaration of the island as a Biosphere Reserve in 1993 was made ??possible by other significant variables. Between them stands the momentum of César Manrique. The artist managed to infect the island and regional government to Unesco recognize the environmental efforts of Lanzarote. He weighed, and much, the work itself manriqueña. The art-nature that characterized their interventions, camouflaged in the insular landscape, they put in value natural assets of the island of volcanoes: from Jameos to the Cactus Garden.
The man's hand
With the title of Biosphere Reserve, Lanzarote and its inhabitants slaughtered saw recognized their coexistence. The careful relationship Islander its agricultural and livestock work, its relationship with the sea water culture (human ingenuity against drought) or the grace of his popular architecture, rounded argument that the statement of Unesco made possible.
When two decades of the award are met, Lanzarote maintains key identifying marks thereon. However, it remains a challenge to put into question the way in sustainable manner. The excessive urbanization led to a population increase without the required settings in the fields of water, waste and transport. Today, the island shows some environmental concern rates in these areas.
20 years later, the island facing this situation with the wind. The limits to growth in tourism planning tools allow progress in these areas. This necessary journey sees how the strengthening of the Zonzamas Environmental Complex or the timid steps forward in the insular public transport system.
Another unresolved issue is from the start using the network of natural areas.Gradually, many decorative figures (Chinijo Archipelago Marine Reserve for example) are opening the orderly consumption: a sea crossing by Alegranza or map of nature trails extend the visitor's contact with the volcanic nature of Lanzarote.
With a lot of homework to do, the island of volcanoes is adjusting to a top of biosphere reserves: the respectful relationship between man and the natural environment.